Pediatric Center

Zion Women셲 Hospital, Serving with Love

01. Pyloric stenosis
Pyloric stenosis is a condition where food is unable to go down from the stomach due to the hypertrophy of the pylorus, which leads the way to the duodenum.
Is occurs mostly in boys when they are 1~2 months old.

* The baby vomits after eating and the vomit comes out quite forcefully.

* An emergency disease mostly seen among children less than 2 years old
* Organs other than the intestines rot when the small intestine is caught up towards the large intestine at the region where the two organs meet and the internal blood flow is blocked.

* The baby suddenly starts crying.
* Abdominal convulsions recur.
* Blood is mixed in the vomit and stool.

* The doctor must be seen immediately.

03. Asthma
Asthma is the most common chronic disease among children. 3~5% of all children have this condition. Asthma refers to the fitful wheezing in the bronchus.

* Asthma is an allergic reaction against pollen, dust, chills, emotional factors, infection and more.

* Repeated coughs
* Difficulty breathing, difficulty breathing out and hollowing of the stomach when breathing in
* Similar appearance to suffocation
* Wheezing while breathing
* Bluish lips when wheezing is severe

04. Convulsions
Almost 50% of children under the age of 5 experience convulsions more than once.
Most convulsions occur after a fever and this is generally called febrile convulsion. In most cases, the convulsions stop before the treatment is started. The fever must first be lowered to prevent complications. If it is an acute phase convulsion, nothing will be effective. In such cases, cold baths or ice packs should be prohibited but should be shown to a doctor and treated after the cause has been identified. Chronic and recurring convulsions are referred to as epilepsy.

* In the case of febrile convulsions, the infant suddenly loses consciousness and shakes its whole body with the eyes rolling. When the extreme situation is over, the body relaxes and the infant goes into a deep sleep.
* The seizure may be over in a few seconds or last for several minutes.

05. Infant Diabetes
Metabolizing of carbohydrates is altered when the Langerhans cells in the pancreas are unable to secrete enough insulin.
Diabetes normally starts suddenly. As an acute complication, acid accumulates in the body to cause acidosis, and as chronic complications, atherosclerosis, kidney dysfunction and visual impairment etc. occur.

* The blood glucose level increases.
* The urine contains a lot of glucose, the volume of urine increases, and urination occurs more frequently.
* Weight is lost despite a healthy appetite.

06. Skin Rash
Skin rashes often occur with children and are mostly caused by acute infections.
The most common cause in the past was measles and other virus infections cause rashes of various shapes and sizes. Eczema, recurring rashes and scabies are all chronic conditions.

Scabies : an infectious disease caused by small mites, and the condition is painful and itchy since the mites dig in beneath the skin and irritate.

* Rashes generally appear on the wrists, ankles, between the fingers and all over the skin.
* Severe itching can cause secondary infection.

The condition can be treated by applying germicide to the skin.

Rash : Rashes develop mostly due to allergies but may appear from acute hepatitis

Red spots come up and become itchy.

Rashes can be treated by using both calamine lotion and antihistaminic agents.

Other causes must be identified fi the rashes are chronic and keep reappearing.

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