Osteoporosis Center

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Osteoporosis is a condition in which the bones become thin and weak, this occurs within all of us as we get older. Leaving the bones in such a weakened state will inevitably result in an extremely weak physique and may eventually lead to some bones to break at even the smallest impact (i.e. fractures).

Although the process of bone loss starts gradually from the mid to late 30s, it takes quite a long time for the person to realize it since the progress is extremely slow. Women are generally more prone than men to suffer from osteoporosis. This is because the volume of estrogen production decreases after menopause, which causes a rapid decrease in the bone mass.

When menopause begins, the bone density decreases 1~3% each year and falls 1~2 times the standard deviation of normal bone density within several years. Bone density decrease is caused by the decreased secretion of estrogen and progesterone, the female hormones that are secreted from the ovaries. The following women have a higher possibility of developing osteoporosis than women who are healthy.

Women with a family history of osteoporosis
Women with early menopause
Women who have their ovaries surgically removed
Women who drink or smoke
Women who ingest a lot of caffeine
Women who ingest a small amount of calcium
Women who do not exercise a lot

As prevention is really important for all diseases, osteoporosis must also be dealt with before the condition starts to develop. Prevention is crucial to the treatment of osteoporosis since there is yet to be any medication to increase the bone density. Bone resorption suppressants can be administered to patients with a decreased bone density, this is to slightly increase the density, however it is not enough to recover to a normal state.

Bone density gradually increases until about 30 years of age and gradually decreases after 35, following that it then rapidly decreases further after menopause. Therefore, the bones need to be strengthened through a healthy lifestyle, calcium must be taken in sufficient quantities, and phased treatment must be received when the bone density has decreased.

01. Calcium
Calcium intake must be incorporated with all treatments since it is the basic substance for bone formation.

02. Vitamin D
Vitamin D plays a significant role in the absorption of calcium in the intestine. Supplements are unnecessary if there is a sufficient exposure to sunlight (UV).

03. Calcitonin
Calcitonin suppresses the bone resorption and alleviates the pain from osteoporosis.

04. Estrogen
Estrogen suppresses the bone resorption and is recommended for its many effects other than for osteoporosis.

05. Bisphosphonate
Bisphosphonate suppresses the bone resorption and is most effective in osteoporosis treatment but is slightly expensive.

06. Ipriflavone
Flavonoids, which are a class of plant metabolites, have the same properties as estrogen and also suppress the bone resorption.

We cannot stop time or prevent the changes that affect our bodies. Nevertheless, various steps can be taken to reduce the risk of osteoporosis. It is really important to maintain a healthy lifestyle.

01. No Smoking
There are many methods to quit smoking and your doctor will be able to help you find the best way forward.

02. Moderation in Drinking
A small volume of alcohol is harmless to the body but habitual drinking will increase the risk of osteoporosis.

03. Exercise
Regular exercise can help prevent bone loss and is also good for the heart. It is important to exercise regularly. At first, exercise should be done in moderation, especially in cases where exercise was not previously a frequent habit. There are simple exercises to be done at home or by those already suffering from osteoporosis. A doctor should be consulted before you begin any exercise.

04. Calcium Intake
The best way to reduce the risk of osteoporosis is to have strong bones! Making children ingest plenty of calcium can actually make their bones strong. Although bone growth stops after the 30s, there is evidence that maintaining an appropriate amount of calcium intake is important at all ages.

The following foods are rich in calcium.

Milk 770 mg/500 ml (whole or skimmed) Cheese 760 mg/100 g
Yogurt 150 mg/100 g Bread 7.5 45 mg per piece
Sardine 440 mg/100 g Broccoli 100 mg/100 g
Eggs 27mg per egg

The following products are also rich in calcium: salmon, dairy products such as ice cream, spinach, beans and peanuts.

The recommended daily requirement of calcium for adults is 1000 mg, while women with menopause should increase the amount to 1500 mg. < Source : Carecamp, www.carecamp.com >

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